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 Prophecy regarding Christ Confirmed.  2 Peter 1:16-21

 

 

2 Peter 1:16-21 For we did not follow cunningly devised fables when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of His majesty. 17 For He received from God the Father honor and glory when such a voice came to Him from the Excellent Glory: "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." 18 And we heard this voice which came from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain. 19 And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts; 20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, 21 for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

Discussion:

1)      Q> Why can we can trust old testament Prophecies?

a.      Peter was an eye witness to the prophecy fulfillments in Christ’s life. V 16

b.      Peter was an eye witness to Gods acknowledgement of Jesus’ relationship to Himself V 17-19

                                               i.      Matt 17:5 behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!"

2)      Q> How did God tell us we could recognize His Savior?

a.      A > Old Testament Prophecies.

3)      Q> What is Peters warning to us in this Passage?

a.      A > Trust the Old Testament Prophecies.

b.      A > Prophecies are not bases on mans interpretation, but Gods Spirit.

c.       A > A correct interpretation is based on the Holy Spirit in you.

 

4)      Q> What Confirms the Old Testament prophecies?

a.      A > The prophecies were confirmed by God Himself on the mount of transfiguration.

Matt 17:1-13 Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; 2 and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. 3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. 4 Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." 5 While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!" 6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid. 7 But Jesus came and touched them and said, "Arise, and do not be afraid." 8 When they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only. 9 Now as they came down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, "Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man is risen from the dead." 10 And His disciples asked Him, saying, "Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?" 11 Jesus answered and said to them, "Indeed, Elijah is coming first and will restore all things. 12 But I say to you that Elijah has come already, and they did not know him but did to him whatever they wished. Likewise the Son of Man is also about to suffer at their hands." 13 Then the disciples understood that He spoke to them of John the Baptist.

      ( P >) = Prophecy

      ( F >) = Fulfillment

1)       Born of a virgin

a.       P > Isaiah 7:14; Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.

b.       F > Matthew 1:21-23 21 And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.” 22 So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: 23 “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us

2)       A descendant of Abraham

a.       P > Genesis 12:1-3; Now the Lord had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. 2 I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”

b.       F > Matthew 1:1; The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

c.        F >  Galatians 3:16  Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.

3)       Of the tribe of Judah

a.       P > Genesis 49:10;  The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people.

b.       F > Luke 3:23, Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli,  

c.        F > Luke 3: 33;  the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah,

d.       F > Hebrews 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord arose from Judah, of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

4)       Of the house of David

a.       P > 2 Samuel 7:12-16;  “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. 15 But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.

b.        F > Matthew 1:1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

5)       Born in Bethlehem

a.       P > Micah 5:2, But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting.”

b.       F > Matthew 2:1;  Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem,

6)       Taken to Egypt

a.        P > Hosea 11:1; “When Israel was a child, I loved him, And out of Egypt I called My son.

b.        F > Matthew 2:14-15 When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, 15 and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”  

7)       Herod´s killing of the infants

a.       P > Jeremiah 31:15; Thus says the Lord: “A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted for her children, Because they are no more.”

b.       F > Matthew 2:16-18; Then Herod, when he saw that he was deceived by the wise men, was exceedingly angry; and he sent forth and put to death all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all its districts, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the wise men. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying: 18 “A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted, Because they are no more.

8)       Anointed by the Holy Spirit

a.       P > Isaiah 11:2; The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him, The Spirit of wisdom and understanding, The Spirit of counsel and might, The Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.

b.       F > Matthew 3:16-17; When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. 17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

9)       Heralded by the messenger of the Lord (John the Baptist)

a.       P > Isaiah 40:3-5;  The voice of one crying in the wilderness: “Prepare the way of the Lord; Make straight in the desert A highway for our God. 4 Every valley shall be exalted And every mountain and hill brought low; The crooked places shall be made straight And the rough places smooth; 5 The glory of the Lord shall be revealed, And all flesh shall see it together; For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”

b.       P > Malachi 3:1;  “Behold, I send My messenger, And he will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, Will suddenly come to His temple, Even the Messenger of the covenant, In whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” Says the Lord of hosts.

c.        F > Matthew 3:1-3; In those days John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, 2 and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!” 3 For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, saying: “The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord; Make His paths straight.’

10)   Would perform miracles

a.       P > Isaiah 35:5-6;  Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, And the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 6 Then the lame shall leap like a deer, And the tongue of the dumb sing. For waters shall burst forth in the wilderness, And streams in the desert.

b.       F > Matthew 9:35; Then Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.

11)   Would preach good news

a.       P > Isaiah 61:1;  “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me, Because the Lord has anointed Me To preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And the opening of the prison to those who are bound;

b.       F > Luke 4:14-21; Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news of Him went out through all the surrounding region. 15 And He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all. 16 So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. 17 And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written: 18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; 19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.” 20 Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him. 21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

12)   Would minister in Galilee

a.       P > Isaiah 9:1; Nevertheless the gloom will not be upon her who is distressed, As when at first He lightly esteemed The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, And afterward more heavily oppressed her, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, In Galilee of the Gentiles.

b.        F > Matthew 4:12-16; Now when Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, He departed to Galilee. 13 And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: 15 “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: 16 The people who sat in darkness have seen a great light, And upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death Light has dawned.

13)   Would cleanse the Temple

a.       P > Malachi 3:1; “Behold, I send My messenger, And he will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, Will suddenly come to His temple, Even the Messenger of the covenant, In whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” Says the Lord of hosts.

b.       F > Matthew 21:12-13; Then Jesus went into the temple of God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 13 And He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.

14)   Would first present Himself as King 173,880 days from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem

a.       P > Daniel 9:25;  “Know therefore and understand, That from the going forth of the command To restore and build Jerusalem Until Messiah the Prince, There shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; The street shall be built again, and the wall, Even in troublesome times.

b.        F > Matthew 21:4-11; All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: 5 “Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.’” 6 So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. 8 And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna to the Son of David! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ Hosanna in the highest!” 10 And when He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, “Who is this?” 11 So the multitudes said, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.”

15)   Would enter Jerusalem as a king on a donkey

a.       P > Zechariah 9:9;  “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.

b.        F > Matthew 21:4-9; All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: 5 “Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.’” 6 So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. 8 And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna to the Son of David! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ Hosanna in the highest!”

16)   Would be rejected by Jews

a.       P > Psalm 118:22; The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone.

b.       F > I Peter 2:7;  Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, “The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,”

17)   Die a humiliating death (Psalm 22; Isaiah 53) involving:

b.       rejection

                                             i.      P > Isaiah 53:3; He is despised and rejected by men, A Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. And we hid, as it were, our faces from Him; He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.

                                              ii.      F > John 1:10-11; He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.

c.        betrayal by a friend

                                             i.      P > Psalm 41:9;  Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.

                                             ii.      F > Luke 22:3-4; Then Satan entered Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered among the twelve. 4 So he went his way and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray Him to them.

                                             iii.      F >  John 13:18; I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, ‘He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.

d.       sold for 30 pieces of silver

                                             i.      P > Zechariah 11:12;  Then I said to them, “If it is agreeable to you, give me my wages; and if not, refrain.” So they weighed out for my wages thirty pieces of silver.

                                              ii.      F > Matthew 26:14-15; Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver.

e.        silence before His accusers

                                             i.      P > Isaiah 53:7; He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He opened not His mouth; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth.

                                              ii.      F >  Matthew 27:12-14; And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He answered nothing. 13 Then Pilate said to Him, “Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?” 14 But He answered him not one word, so that the governor marveled greatly.

f.        being mocked

                                             i.      P > Psalm 22: 7-8;  All those who see Me ridicule Me; They shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, 8 “He trusted in the Lord, let Him rescue Him; Let Him deliver Him, since He delights in Him!”

                                            ii.      F > Matthew 27:31; And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.

g.        beaten

                                              i.   P > Isaiah 52:14;  Just as many were astonished at you, So His visage was marred more than any man, And His form more than the sons of men;

                                              ii.      F > Matthew 27:26; Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.

h.       spit upon

                                             i.      P > Isaiah 50:6; I gave My back to those who struck Me, And My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting.

                                              ii.      F > Matthew 27:30; Then they spat on Him, and took the reed and struck Him on the head.

i.         piercing His hands and feet

                                             i.      P > Psalm 22:16; For dogs have surrounded Me; The congregation of the wicked has enclosed Me. They pierced My hands and My feet;

                                             ii.      F > Matthew 27:31; And when they had mocked Him, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him away to be crucified.

j.         being crucified with thieves

                                              i.      P > Isaiah 53:12; Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, And He shall divide the spoil with the strong, Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.

                                              ii.      F > Matthew 27:38; Then two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and another on the left.

k.       praying for His persecutors

                                              i.      P > Isaiah 53:12; Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, And He shall divide the spoil with the strong, Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors.

                                              ii.      F > Luke 23:34; Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” And they divided His garments and cast lots.

l.         piercing His side

                                              i.      P > Zechariah 12:10; “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.

                                             ii.      F >  John 19:34; But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

m.     given gall and vinegar to drink

                                              i.      P > Psalm 69:21; They also gave me gall for my food, And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

                                               ii.      F > Matthew 27:34; they gave Him sour wine mingled with gall to drink. But when He had tasted it, He would not drink.

n.       no broken bones

                                               i.      P > Psalm 34:20; He guards all his bones; Not one of them is broken.

                                               ii.      F > John 19:32-36; Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. 36 For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken.

o.       buried in a rich man’s tomb

                                               i.      P > Isaiah 53:9;  And they made His grave with the wicked— But with the rich at His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was any deceit in His mouth.

                                              ii.      F > Matthew 27:57-60; Now when evening had come, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus. 58 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given to him. 59 When Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60 and laid it in his new tomb which he had hewn out of the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the door of the tomb, and departed.

p.       casting lots for His garments

                                          i.      P > Psalm 22:18;  They divide My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.

                                          ii.      F > John 19:23-24; Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece. 24 They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.” Therefore the soldiers did these things.

18)   Would rise from the dead!!

a.       P > Psalm 16:10;  For You will not leave my soul in Sheol, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.

b.       F > Mark 16:6;  But he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid Him.

c.        F > Acts 2:31;  he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption.

19)   Ascend into Heaven

a.       P > Psalm 68:18; You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts among men, Even from the rebellious, That the Lord God might dwell there.

b.        F > Acts 1:9; Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.

20)   Would sit down at the right hand of God

a.       P > Psalm 110:1;  The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”

b.       F > Hebrews 1:3; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

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